Harlan County (KY) Slaves, Free Blacks, and Free Mulattoes, 1850-1870
Harlan County, located in southeastern Kentucky, is bordered by the state of Virginia and four Kentucky counties. It was formed in 1819 from a portion of Knox County, and named for Silas Harlan who died during the Battle of Blue Licks. The town of Harlan was incorporated in 1876, it is the county seat of Harlan County. The county population was 309 [heads of households] in 1820, according to the U.S. Federal Census, and it increased to 5,367 by 1860, excluding the slaves. Below are the number of slave owners, slaves, and free Blacks and Mulattoes for 1850-1870.
1850 Slave Schedule
- 29 slave owners
- 71 Black slaves
- 52 Mulatto slaves
- 3 free Blacks [last name Bailey]
- 34 free Mulattoes [most with last names Smith and Sturgeon]
1860 Slave Schedule
- 0 slave owners
- 0 Black slaves
- 0 Mulatto slaves
- 1 free Black [Elizabeth Coffman]
- 12 free Mulattoes [most with last name Bailey; other last names Beaty, Coffman, and Glasgow]
1870 U.S. Federal Census
- 67 Blacks
- 33 Mulattoes
- About 6 U.S. Colored Troops listed Harlan County, KY, as their birth location.
For more see the Harlan County entry in The Kentucky Encyclopedia edited by J. E. Kleber; History Records of Harlan County, Kentucky People by A. W. Burns; Harlan County, Kentucky by E. Middleton; and Those Were the Days by J. Renfro, C. Warren, and T. Garland.