The choir was made up of men from the 369th Colored Infantry, also known as the Harlem Hellfighters. The infantry was a unit of the New York National Guard. The unit, commanded by Colonel Arthur Little Sr. , was the first to reach the Rhine in 1918 during World War I. In 1927, Colonel Little's wife, Mrs. Charlotte Fairchild Little, passed away, and four members of the Kentucky Choir and Noble Sissle provided music at the funeral. Noble Sissle was the son of Kentuckians Geprge A. and Martha A. Sissle. For more see "Sing Negro Spirituals at Mrs. Little's bier," New York Times, 09/09/1927, p. 25.