From NKAA, Notable Kentucky African Americans Database (main entry)

Thornton, James and Adeline Joyner

Mimi Lozano is the author of Black Latino Connection which includes the history of the family of Kentucky native James (1835-1911) and Adeline (1852-1940) Thornton. James was born a slave in Versailles, KY, and gained freedom when he joined the Union Army in 1864. He and other African American soldiers were sentenced for an attempted mutiny, and James received hard labor off the coast of Florida and was dishonorably discharged in 1866. He and his sons moved to Kerr County, Texas, where James married Adeline in 1871, she had been a slave in Florida. They would become the first African American landowners in Kerr County. Together they had thirteen children, some of whom migrated to Canada, and their son David migrated to Guadalajara, Mexico in 1901. For more see the Black Latino website at and  contact Mimi Lozano.

Kentucky County & Region

Read about Woodford County, Kentucky in Wikipedia.

Kentucky Place (Town or City)

Read about Versailles, Kentucky in Wikipedia.


Cited in this Entry

NKAA Source: Black Latino connection

Cite This NKAA Entry:

“Thornton, James and Adeline Joyner,” Notable Kentucky African Americans Database, accessed October 25, 2020,

Last modified: 2019-08-29 18:39:07