Lexington's Colored Orphan Industrial Home(start date: 1892 - end date: 1988)
The Colored Orphan Home in Lexington, KY, was incorporated with E. Belle Mitchell Jackson as president; Emma O.Warfield, vice president; Ida W. Bate [wife of John W. Bate] secretary, Priscilla Lacey, treasurer, and 11 other women members of the Ladies Orphans Home Society. Captain Robert H. Fitzhugh, who was white, was a professional philanthropist for the home.
Support for the home came from bequests, fund-raising, and donations. The home was located on Georgetown Pike [Georgetown Street] in Lexington. The board members served as matrons of the home and donated food and supplies. The home took in orphaned and abandoned children, a few elderly women, and half orphans (children with one parent). The parent of a half orphan was charged for the child's board at the home.
Board members determined when a child would be returned to its parents; there were a few adoptions and foster care placements, but the goal was to educate the children and teach them an industrial trade in preparation for adulthood. In addition to classwork, house chores, and gardening, the children were taught kitchen duties, cooking, carpentry, chair-caning, laundry, and sewing. The children made all of the clothes and linen at the home and did shoe-making and repairs; shoes were made for the children and also sold to the community.
The home continued in operation until 1988 when the facility became the Robert H. Williams Cultural Center.
For more see Lexington's Colored Orphan Industrial Home: building for the future, by L. F. Byars; and Colored Orphan Industrial Home Records, 1892-1979 at the University of Kentucky Libraries.