From NKAA, Notable Kentucky African Americans Database (main entry)

Elliott County (KY) Free Blacks and Free Mulattoes, 1870-1900

Elliott County is located in northeastern Kentucky, formed in 1869 from portions of Morgan, Lawrence, and Carter Counties. The county is named for either John L. Elliott, a Kentucky Senator and House Member, or his son Judge John M. Elliott, who was assassinated. The county seat is Sandy Hook.

The county population in 1870 was 4,433, and it increased to 10,448 in 1900. Elliott County was formed in 1869, which was after the emancipation of slaves in Kentucky with the Ratification of the 13th Amendment in 1865. Below are the population numbers for African Americans in the county 1870, 1880, and 1900.

1870 U.S. Federal Census
  • 21 Blacks [with the last names Collins or Howard, and one named Watson]
1880 U.S. Federal Census
  • 3 Blacks [Collins, Howard, Watson]
  • 1 Mulatto [Watson]
1900 U.S. Federal Census
  • 2 Blacks [Watson]
  • 10 Mulattoes [most with the last name Leadenham, one Roe, one Whitt]
For more see the Elliott County entry in The Kentucky Encyclopedia, edited by J. E. Kleber.

Kentucky County & Region

Read about Elliott County, Kentucky in Wikipedia.

Kentucky Place (Town or City)

Read about Sandy Hook, Kentucky in Wikipedia.

Item Relations

Cited in this Entry

NKAA Source: The Kentucky encyclopedia

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Cite This NKAA Entry:

“Elliott County (KY) Free Blacks and Free Mulattoes, 1870-1900,” Notable Kentucky African Americans Database, accessed July 16, 2024,

Last modified: 2023-01-10 21:09:01