From NKAA, Notable Kentucky African Americans Database (main entry)

Grant County (KY) Slaves, Free Blacks, and Free Mulattoes, 1850-1870

Grant County was formed in 1820 from a portion of Pendleton County, and is surrounded by six counties. It is located in north-central, Kentucky, and was named for one or all of the frontiersmen brothers, Samuel Grant, John Grant, and Squire Grant. The county seat is Williamstown, it was incorporated in 1825, named for William Arnold, a native of New Jersey, a veteran of the American Revolutionary War, and builder of the first Grant County courthouse in 1821. The 1820 Grant County population was 278 [heads of households] in the U.S. Federal Census, and it increased to 7,660 by 1860, excluding the slaves. Below are the numbers for the slave owners, slaves, free Blacks, and free Mulattoes for 1850-1870.

1850 Slave Schedule
  • 164 slave owners
  • 452 Black slaves
  • 80 Mulatto slaves
  • 6 free Blacks
  • 0 free Mulattoes
1860 Slave Schedule
  • 195 slave owners
  • 500 Black slaves
  • 197 Mulatto slaves
  • 15 free Blacks
  • 12 free Mulattoes [last names Lair, Prudean, and 1 King]
1870 U.S. Federal Census
  • 331 Blacks
  • 176 Mulattoes
  • About 18 U.S. Colored Troops listed Grant County, Ky, as their birth location.
For more see the Grant County entry in The Kentucky Encyclopedia edited by J. E. Kleber; History of Grant County, Kentucky by J. B. Conrad; and Grant County, Kentucky Biographies by L. Collins et. al.

Kentucky County & Region

Read about Grant County, Kentucky in Wikipedia.

Kentucky Place (Town or City)

Read about Williamstown, Kentucky in Wikipedia.


Cited in this Entry

NKAA Source: The Kentucky encyclopedia
NKAA Source: History of Grant County, Kentucky
NKAA Source: Grant County, Kentucky biographies

Cite This NKAA Entry:

“Grant County (KY) Slaves, Free Blacks, and Free Mulattoes, 1850-1870,” Notable Kentucky African Americans Database, accessed May 29, 2020,

Last modified: 2018-02-02 01:50:57