Hickman County (KY) Enslaved, Free Blacks, and Free Mulattoes, 1850-1870Hickman County, established in 1821, is located in the far southwestern tip of Kentucky in the Jackson Purchase region, bordered on the west by the Mississippi River, on the southern tip by the state of Tennessee, and on all other sides by three Kentucky counties. Wolfe Island is separated from the county by the Mississippi River and borders the state of Missouri.
The county was named for Paschal Hickman, who was killed during the Battle of River Raisin. The settlement of Iron Banks became Columbus, the first county seat; the town was renamed for explorer Christopher Columbus. In 1830 the county seat was moved to the town of Clinton.
The 1830 county population was 690 [heads of households], according to the U.S. Federal Census, and increased to 5,758 by the year 1860, excluding the enslaved. Below are the number of slave owners, enslaved, free Blacks, and free Mulattoes for 1850-1870.
1850 Slave Schedule
- 234 slave owners
- 653 Black slaves
- 188 Mulatto slaves
- 16 free Blacks
- 2 free Mulattoes [James Cousins and Frank Waide]
- 322 slave owners
- 938 Black slaves
- 314 Mulatto slaves
- 18 free Blacks [many with the last name Cromwell]
- 1 free Mulatto [Wesley James]
- 1,286 Blacks
- 327 Mulattoes
- About 63 U.S. Colored Troops listed Hickman County, KY as their birth location.