Perry County (KY) Slaves, Free Blacks, and Free Mulattoes, 1850-1870Perry County, located in southeastern Kentucky, was formed in 1820 and named for Oliver Hazard Perry, a naval officer during the War of 1812. Hazard is the county seat, founded in 1821. It was originally named Perry until the name was changed to Hazard in 1854. Both county seat names were in honor of Oliver Hazard Perry. The 1830 county population was 488 [heads of households], and the population increased to 3,877 by 1860, excluding the slaves. Below are the number of slave owners, slaves, free Blacks, and free Mulattoes for 1850-1870.
1850 Slave Schedule
- 33 slave owners
- 85 Black slaves
- 32 Mulatto slaves
- 1 free Black (Joseph Williams)
- 8 free Mulattoes (Henry Williams, Hiram Freeman, his wife and five children)
- 28 slave owners
- 45 Black slaves
- 28 Mulatto slaves
- 0 free Blacks
- 13 free Mulattoes [11 with last name Couch, 2 Stacy]
- 77 Blacks
- 7 Mulattoes [4 Crawford, Morgan, Sumler, Walker]
- At least 5 U.S. Colored Troops listed Perry County, KY, as their birth location.