From NKAA, Notable Kentucky African Americans Database (main entry)

Russell County (KY) Slaves, Free Blacks, and Free Mulattoes, 1850-1870

Russell County, located in south-central Kentucky, was formed in 1825 from portions of Adair, Cumberland, and Wayne Counties. Russell County is named for William Russell, a veteran of the American Revolutionary War, Indian wars, and the War of 1812. He also served in the Virginia and Kentucky Legislatures.

The seat of Russell County is Jamestown, formerly named Jacksonville after Andrew Jackson. The town was renamed Jamestown in 1826 for James Woodridge, who gave the land for the town location.

The 1830 county population was 569 [heads of households] according to the U.S. Federal Census; the population increased to 5,425 by 1860, excluding the enslaved. Below are the number of slave holders, enslaved, free Blacks, and free Mulattoes for 1850-1870.

1850 Slave Schedule
  • 53 slave owners
  • 163 Black slaves
  • 20 Mulatto slaves
  • 9 free Blacks
  • 4 free Mulattoes [two with the last name Brummet, one Dunkeson, one Garret]
1860 Slave Schedule
  • 134 slave owners
  • 400 Black slaves
  • 159 Mulatto slaves
  • 8 free Blacks [most with last name Jackman and Rowe, one Epperson, one Faubus]
  • 4 free Mulattoes [two Whittle, one Jackman, one Richards]
1870 U.S. Federal Census
  • 248 Blacks
  • 38 Mulattoes
  • About six U.S. Colored Troops listed Russell County, KY, as their birth location.
For more see the Russell County entry in The Kentucky Encyclopedia, edited by J. E. Kleber; Russell Co., Kentucky, Black Marriages, by C. L. Sanders; Russell County (Ky.): cemetery records; and "Jemima - a faithful Negro woman" in History of the Carlock Family and the Adventures of Pioneer Americans, by M. P. Carlock.

Kentucky County & Region

Read about Russell County, Kentucky in Wikipedia.

Kentucky Place (Town or City)

Read about Jamestown, Kentucky in Wikipedia.


Cited in this Entry

NKAA Source: The Kentucky encyclopedia
NKAA Source: Russell Co., Kentucky, Black marriages
NKAA Source: Russell County (Ky.) : cemetery records
NKAA Source: History of the Carlock family and adventures of pioneer Americans

Cite This NKAA Entry:

“Russell County (KY) Slaves, Free Blacks, and Free Mulattoes, 1850-1870,” Notable Kentucky African Americans Database, accessed May 21, 2022,

Last modified: 2022-04-20 18:29:55