From NKAA, Notable Kentucky African Americans Database (main entry)

Graves, George L.

(born: 1879) 

August 1912, George L. Graves was among the six mine employees returning to the United States aboard the ship Seguranca from Veracruz, Mexico [source: List or Manifest of Alien Passengers for the United States Immigration Officer at Port of Arrival, August 2, 1912, p.14]. The ship docked at New York, New York. The men had been working on one of the oil wells in the Veracruz area, and may have returned to the U.S. due to the rebellion against President Francisco I. Madero during the Mexican Revolution. George L. Graves was 33 years old and single, he was born in Harrodsburg, KY. He was one of many Americans who lived in Mexico and were employed by the American-owned oilfield companies. This was prior to the Tampico Affair in 1914 and the invasion of Veracruz by American troops. For more about the American presence in Mexico and the oil industry see The Ecology of Oil by M. I. Santiago; Oil, Banks, and Politics by L. B. Hall; and A. Kahn, "The dynamics of color : mestizaje, racism, and blackness in Veracruz, Mexico" in Shades of Difference by E. N. Glenn.

Kentucky County & Region

Read about Mercer County, Kentucky in Wikipedia.

Kentucky Place (Town or City)

Read about Harrodsburg, Kentucky in Wikipedia.


Cited in this Entry

NKAA Source: The Ecology of oil : environment, labor, and the Mexican Revolution, 1900-1938
NKAA Source: Oil, banks, and politics : the United States and postrevolutionary Mexico, 1917-1924
NKAA Source: Shades of difference : why skin color matters

Cite This NKAA Entry:

“Graves, George L.,” Notable Kentucky African Americans Database, accessed June 19, 2021,

Last modified: 2017-11-30 21:36:25