From NKAA, Notable Kentucky African Americans Database (main entry)

African American Schools in Floyd County, KY

The first school for African Americans in Floyd County was taught in a church, though the year is not given in Chalmer H. Frazier's thesis. There would later be a colored grade school in Wheelwright. There were 3 colored elementary schools in Floyd County in 1925, with one teacher at each school [source: Kentucky Public School Directory, 1925-1926, p.67]. The following year, there were 4 colored schools and 4 teachers [source: Kentucky Public School Directory, 1926-1927, p.81]. The Palmer-Dunbar Colored High School, in Wheelwright, was organized in 1936; the school was named in part for Palmer Hall, the school superintendent. By 1939, the high school offered four years of study. W. T. Gilbert was principal, and there were three teachers, one of whom was Mrs. Mannie N. Wilson. There were 41 students in the high school [source: The History of Education of Floyd County, Kentucky (thesis), by Chalmer Haynes Frazier]. In 1940, there were 5 Negro teachers in Wheelwright according to the U.S. Federal Census: Gera Kaywood, Lillie Beele Daw, Gladys Edwards, Sarah Moran, and Mary A. Reed. In 1956, two schools in Floyd County were listed as "white & integrated," Betsy Lane and Wheelwright [source: Kentucky Public School Directory, 1956-57, pp.427-428]. 

  • Church School
  • Colored Schools (4)
  • Wheelwright School
  • Palmer-Dunbar School

Kentucky County & Region

Read about Floyd County, Kentucky in Wikipedia.

Kentucky Place (Town or City)

Read about Wheelwright, Kentucky in Wikipedia.


Cited in this Entry

NKAA Source: Kentucky public school directory (serial)
NKAA Source: The History of education of Floyd County, Kentucky (thesis)

Related Entries Citing this Entry

NKAA Entry:  African American Schools, High Schools - Eastern Kentucky, 1948
NKAA Entry:  Wheelwright, KY - Colored Section

Cite This NKAA Entry:

“African American Schools in Floyd County, KY,” Notable Kentucky African Americans Database, accessed November 29, 2022,

Last modified: 2022-10-31 14:56:09