From NKAA, Notable Kentucky African Americans Database (African American Women Veterans in and from Kentucky)
Mary Bordeaux2.jpg

Bordeaux, Mary Anita Bell

(born: November 19, 1906) 

Military Branch

Women's Army Auxiliary Corps
Women's Army Corps

Active Duty Entered

July 18, 1942

Exit Rank

Lieutenant

Notes

Mary A. B. Bordeaux was living in Louisville, KY, when she enlisted in the Army at Ft. Hayes in Columbus, OH, according to her record in the National Archives, Access to Archival Databases. Prior to enlisting in the Army, she was the wife of Howard J. Bordeaux. The couple is enumerated in the 1930 U.S. Census. Mary Bordeaux was employed by the Division of Recreation. In 1931, she and Addison Ramsey were co-instructors of the Baxter Square Playground in Louisville. Mary Bordeaux and Henry Edwards were the instructors in 1933. The playground instructors were employed by the Division of Recreation within the Department of Welfare.

In the 1940 U.S. Census, Mary and Howard Bordeaux were living in Topeka, KS. At some point after 1940, the couple divorced, and Mary was back in Louisville when she enlisted in the Army in 1942. She did her basic training at Fort Des Moines, IA, and received the commission of lieutenant. She was a member of the first graduating class of officer candidates in the WAACs. Women in the Army was big news. One hundred or more newspapers around the country published details on the first women recruits' clothing, meals, and other general activities. Mary Bordeaux's name and picture were frequently included in the articles that mentioned the Negro WAACs.

In 1943, Mary Bordeaux was promoted to the rank of second officer. She served as the Negro recruiting officer for the Women's Army Auxiliary Corps in the Sixth Service Command. She had also served as an army hostess at Fort Knox, KY. In January of 1943, Lieutenants Mary Bordeaux and Gertrude J. Peeples were sent to Detroit, MI, to address the unfavorable publicity about the mistreatment of African American women training for the WAACs. Both Bordeaux and Peeples were Army recruitment officers.

Mary Anita Bell Bordeaux was born in Louisville, KY, the daughter of Nora Kincaid and Stephen A. Bell. The family is enumerated in the 1910 U.S. Census. 

Sources: "Playgrounds open Monday," The Courier-Journal, 05/03/1931, p.15; "8 Playgrounds to open today," The Courier-Journal, 06/01/1933, p.8; "Louisvillian receives W.A.A.C. commission," The Courier-Journal, 09/04/1942, p.24; "Mary Anita Bordeaux," The Courier-Journal, 01/01/1943, p.2; Kentucky Birth Records in Ancestry; "WAACs sat rumor on camp false," Detroit Tribune, 01/16/1943, front page & p.2; articles in The Des Moines Register, 07/20/1942 - "64 WAACS do their first marching - - to mess hall," front page, and "Their first meal in the Army... ...Food plentiful for WAACS," p.4.

Kentucky County & Region

Read about Jefferson County, Kentucky in Wikipedia.
Read about Bullitt County, Kentucky in Wikipedia.
Read about Hardin County, Kentucky in Wikipedia.
Read about Meade County, Kentucky in Wikipedia.

Kentucky Place (Town or City)

Read about Louisville, Kentucky in Wikipedia.
Read about Fort Knox, Kentucky in Wikipedia.

References

Cited in this Entry

NKAA Source: Ancestry (online)
NKAA Source: National Archives, Access to Archival Databases (online)
NKAA Source: Courier-Journal [Louisville] (newspaper)
NKAA Source: The Detroit tribune (newspaper)
NKAA Source: The Des Moines register (newspaper)

Cite This NKAA Entry:

“Bordeaux, Mary Anita Bell,” Notable Kentucky African Americans Database, accessed January 29, 2022, https://ukscrc001.net/nkaa/items/show/300004454.

Last modified: 2021-10-29 14:08:21