From NKAA, Notable Kentucky African Americans Database (main entry)

Nicodemus, Kansas

The community of Nicodemus was founded in 1877 by a group of African Americans from Lexington; two years later there were over 600 people. The first families to arrive lived in dugouts, homes dug into the earth. The population continued to grow until the anticipated railroad bypassed the town, and then the population began to decrease. There are about 100 people living in the town today. Nicodemus is a National Historic Landmark, the only entirely African American community in Kansas. For more see Going Home to Nicodemus, by D. Chu and B. Shaw; and The Origins and Early Promotions of Nicodemus, by K. M. Hamilton.

Outside Kentucky Place Name


Cited in this Entry

NKAA Source: Going home to Nicodemus : the story of an African American frontier town and the pioneers who settled it
NKAA Source: The Origins and early promotion of Nicodemus : a pre-exodus, all-black town

Related Entries Citing this Entry

NKAA Entry:  Hickman, Willianna Lewis and Daniel
NKAA Entry:  Micheaux, Melvina
NKAA Entry:  U. S. Congressional Hearings on Northern Emigration
NKAA Entry:  Migration from Kentucky to Kansas
NKAA Entry:  From Kentucky to Linn County, Kansas [Henderson Graham, Sr.]

Cite This NKAA Entry:

“Nicodemus, Kansas,” Notable Kentucky African Americans Database, accessed May 21, 2022,

Last modified: 2017-09-11 16:08:53