Anderson, Mattie E.(born: 1853)
Mattie E. Anderson, who was born in Ohio, used her own money to open Frankfort Female High School in 1871 to train African American teachers for Franklin, Fayette, and Woodford Counties in Kentucky. Anderson was the principal and a teacher at the school. She is listed in the 1880 U.S. Federal Census as a school teacher who was boarding at the home of Peter and Julia Smith. Peter Smith was a barber and his home was located on Broadway in Frankfort. Mattie Anderson is listed as a mulatto and in some sources her race is given as white. Another teacher boarding at the home was Lucretia Newman from Michigan, who was also listed as a mulatto woman. The third person boarding at the house was 14 year old Winnie Scott who would become a teacher in the Frankfort Colored School. For more see "Miss Mattie E. Anderson" in Noted Negro Women: their triumphs and activities, by M. A. Majors; Library Services to African Americans in Kentucky, by R. F. Jones, p. 18; and "Frankfort: Miss Mattie E. Anderson, Teacher," The American Missionary, vol. 32, issue 9 (September 1878), p. 276 [available online at Cornell University Library, Making of America website]. See also the NKAA entry for African American Schools in Frankfort and Franklin County, KY.