From NKAA, Notable Kentucky African Americans Database (main entry)

Pool Halls and Employees, Kentucky

This entry is a first step toward the history of African Americans in and from Kentucky who earned a living as owners and employees of pool hall establishments. In Kentucky, between the late 1800s and the late 1950s, African American men were employed in pool halls and there were a few who were proprietors. During the early decades of the 20th Century, the city of Louisville had the most African American owners of pool halls in Kentucky, followed by the city of Paducah and some of the smaller cities and rural communities around the state.

Some of the businesses existed for a decade or more, passing from one owner to another. The pool hall business was very much a man's business and the clientele were men. The pool halls were also segregated, though regardless of race, they were all pretty much viewed as shady places of gaming, gambling, and drinking.

Other names for the establishments were "pool rooms" and "pool parlors." Articles and books that mention the early pool halls tend to place them in the less affluent areas of a town or city with an atmosphere of crime, and it is not always clear what distinguishes a pool hall from a saloon with pool tables. The finer side of the term "pool hall" is "billiard room" which was often presented as a more civil space found within hotels and gentleman's clubs [source: Encyclopedia of Street Crime in America by J. I. Ross].

Within the billiard rooms, African American men were sometimes hired as porters. They were also hired as porters in pool halls. The research has not been fully explored looking at African Americans and pool halls as viable employment options, and the drawing power of pool halls as male spaces. Listed below are the locations of some of the earliest known pool halls in Kentucky that were owned by African Americans. Also included are the names of African Americans in and from Kentucky who earned their livelihoods as pool hall employees.

Kentucky

    1. Ashland, KY (Boyd County) – Pool Parlor at 113 Broadway owned by Edward Franklin – The Marion Directory Company's Directory of Ashland and Boyd County Gazetteer for the Year 1908-1909, p.231. [Edward Franklin was also a shoemaker and repairer in Ashland.]
    2. Bowling Green, KY (Warren County) - Pool Hall at 129 E. Main Street owned by Thomas Harris - Bowling Green, Kentucky City Directory, 1922, p.313
    3. Cynthiana, KY (Harrison County) - Harrison Billiard Parlor employee Isham Miller Allen - 1940 WWII Draft Card
    4. Danville, KY (Boyle County) - Elite Pool Hall at 130 S. 2nd Street owned by brothers Leon and Orestes Richardson - Polk's Danville (Boyle County, KY.) City Directory 1958, p.98
    5. Earlington, KY (Hopkins County) - Pool Hall owned by Henry King - 1930 U.S. Census
    6. Frankfort, KY (Franklin County) - Billiard keeper Charles Ellis - 1870 U.S. Census
    7. Frankfort, KY (Franklin County) - Billiard keeper Nelson Patterson - 1870 U.S. Census
    8. Frankfort, KY (Franklin County) - Pool and Billiard proprietor Charles Taylor - 1910 U.S. Census
    9. Frankfort, KY (Franklin County) - Pool and Billiard proprietor John Shelton - 1910 U.S. Census
    10. Frankfort, KY (Franklin County) - Pool Hall at 412 W. Clinton Street owned by Grant Owens - Caron's Frankfort Directory for the Years 1914-1915-1916, p.316
    11. Frankfort, KY (Franklin County) - Pool Hall at 511 Washington Street owned by Will S. CastlemanCaron's Directory of the City of Frankfort, Ky for 1917-1918-1919, p.322
    12. Harlan, KY (Harlan County) - Pool Room tender Elmes Tunes - 1940 U.S. Census
    13. Harlan, KY (Harlan County) - Pool Room tender John Tunes - 1940 U.S. Census
    14. Hopkinsville (Christian County) – Pool Room at 104 East 6th Street owned by Clarence J. Babbage – Caron's Directory of the City of Hopkinsville, Ky. 1916-1917-1918, p.393
    15. Hopkinsville (Christian County) – Pool Room at 20 ½ East 6th Street owned by Peter Postell, Jr. – Caron's Hopkinsville Directory for the Years 1912-13-14, p.392
    16. Lexington, KY (Fayette County) - Pool Hall at 186 Deweese Street owned by Haydon Young - R. L. Polk & Co.'s Lexington (Kentucky) Directory, 1925, p.860
    17. Lexington, KY (Fayette County) - Crystal Pool Room at 186 Deweese Street owned by Thomas Rutherford and Clem B. Lewis - Polk's Lexington (Kentucky) City Directory, 1931-1932, p.170
    18. Lexington, KY (Fayette County) - Lougard Pool Hall at 238 Vertner Avenue managed by Sam Tilford - Lexington City Directory, 1923, p.543
    19. Louisville, KY (Jefferson County) - Billiards Store clerk George Warden - 1880 U.S. Census
    20. Louisville, KY (Jefferson County) - Billiards Room employee Henry Haglem - 1880 U.S. Census
    21. Louisville, KY (Jefferson County) - Billiard Room porter Thomas Montgomery - 1880 U.S. Census
    22. Louisville, KY (Jefferson County) - Billiard Room owner Leroy Johnson - 1920 U.S. Census
    23. Louisville, KY (Jefferson County) - Pool Hall at 548 E. Jacob Avenue owned by Robert Elliott - Caron's Directory of the City of Louisville for 1913, p.1859
    24. Louisville, KY (Jefferson County) - Pool Hall at 906 W. Walnut Street owned by Robert Claxton - Caron's Directory of the City of Louisville for 1913, p.1859
    25. Louisville, KY (Jefferson County) - Pool Hall at 629 W. Magnolia Avenue owned by John Fields - Caron's Directory of the City of Louisville for 1913, p.1859
    26. Louisville, KY (Jefferson County) - Pool Hall at 416 South 9th Street owned by John Hall - Caron's Directory of the City of Louisville for 1913, p.1859
    27. Louisville, KY (Jefferson County) - Pool Hall at 446 South 10th Street owned by William Walker - Caron's Directory of the City of Louisville for 1913, p.1860
    28. Louisville, KY (Jefferson County) - Pool Hall at 425 South 12th Street owned by Henry Wallace - Caron's Directory of the City of Louisville for 1913, p.1860
    29. Louisville, KY (Jefferson County) - Pool Hall at 1032 W. Chestnut owned by B. F. Ball - Caron's Directory of the City of Louisville for 1921, p.2112
    30. Louisville, KY (Jefferson County) - Pool Hall at 1026 South 15th Street owned by Frank Barrett - Caron's Directory of the City of Louisville for 1921, p.2112
    31. Louisville, KY (Jefferson County) - Bowman & Smith Pool Hall at 1101 W. Chestnut Street - Caron's Directory of the City of Louisville for 1921, p.2112
    32. Louisville, KY (Jefferson County) - Pool Hall at 320 Cassin Street owned by Jacob Brooks - Caron's Directory of the City of Louisville for 1921, p.2112
    33. Louisville, KY (Jefferson County) - Pool Hall at 449 South 7th Street owned by Thomas Brooks - Caron's Directory of the City of Louisville for 1921, p.2112
    34. Louisville, KY (Jefferson County) - Pool Hall at 442 South 7th Street owned by Joseph Buford - Caron's Directory of the City of Louisville for 1921, p.2112
    35. Louisville, KY (Jefferson County) - Pool Hall at 629 W. Magnolia Avenue owned by Roy Carr - Caron's Directory of the City of Louisville for 1921, p.2112
    36. Louisville, KY (Jefferson County) - Pool Hall at 124 W. Liberty Street owned by Dud Evans - Caron's Directory of the City of Louisville for 1921, p.2112
    37. Louisville, KY (Jefferson County) - Pool Hall at 102 E. Liberty Street owned by James Grundy - Caron's Directory of the City of Louisville for 1921, p.2112
    38. Louisville, KY (Jefferson County) - Pool Hall at 1014 Cedar Street owned by Benjamin McLemore - Caron's Directory of the City of Louisville for 1921, p.2113
    39. Louisville, KY (Jefferson County) - Pool Hall at 932 South 12th Street owned by Ralph Neil - Caron's Directory of the City of Louisville for 1921, p.2113
    40. Louisville, KY (Jefferson County) - Pythian Parlor at 611 South 10t Street - Caron's Directory of the City of Louisville for 1921, p.2113
    41. Louisville, KY (Jefferson County) - Pool Hall at 323 Pocahontas Street owned by Edward Shaffer - Caron's Directory of the City of Louisville for 1921, p.2113
    42. Louisville, KY (Jefferson County) - Pool Hall at 900 W. Walnut Street owned by John Steward - Caron's Directory of the City of Louisville for 1921, p.2113
    43. Louisville, KY (Jefferson County) - Billiard Parlor manager William S. Thompson - 1930 U.S. Census
    44. Louisville, KY (Jefferson County) - Billiard Parlor manager George McHenry - 1920 U.S. Census
    45. Louisville, KY (Jefferson County) - Billiard Hall upholster Will Posey - 1920 U.S. Census
    46. Louisville, KY (Jefferson County) - Billiard Parlor laborer James Franklin - 1920 U.S. Census
    47. Louisville, KY (Jefferson County) - Billiard Room porter Dick Dugan - 1930 U.S. Census
    48. Louisville, KY (Jefferson County) - Billiard Room laborer William Grayam - 1930 U.S. Census
    49. Louisville, KY (Jefferson County) - Billiard Parlor porter John Livisons - 1930 U.S. Census
    50. Louisville, KY (Jefferson County) - Billiard Parlor porter Charles Bell - 1930 U.S. Census
    51. Madisonville, KY (Hopkins County) - Pool Hall at 213 W. Center Street owned by Charles Wooldridge - Waltrip's City Directory of Madisonville, Kentucky, 1932-1933, p.197
    52. Middlesboro, KY (Bell County) – Nineteenth Street Pool Room at 326 North 19th Street owned by T. J. Dorum – The Middlesboro, Kentucky City Directory, 1912-13, p.178
    53. Middlesboro, KY (Bell County) – Pastime Pool Room at 401 North 19th Street – Baldwin Brothers' Middlesboro Kentucky City Directory, 1926, p.125
    54. Mt. Sterling, KY (Montgomery County) - Pool player Hix Walker - 1920 U.S. Census
    55. Newport, KY (Campbell County) - James Ingulls Billiard Hall employee Hubert Lee Dudley - 1940 WWII Draft Card
    56. Owensboro, KY (Daviess County) – Pool Hall at 109 Frederica Street owned by Ed Thomas – Owensboro City Directory for 1911-1912, p.313
    57. Owensboro, KY (Daviess County) - Pool tender Joseph Bell - Owensboro City Directory for 1899-1900, p.38
    58. Owensboro, KY (Daviess County) - Pool Room at 109 Frederica Street owned by Othello Salisbury - Owensboro, Kentucky City Directory, 1922-1923, p.266
    59. Paducah, KY (McCracken County) - Pool Hall at 124 Kentucky Avenue owned by Thomas Gilliam - Caron's Paducah Directory for the Years 1914-1915, p.710
    60. Paducah, KY (McCracken County) - Pool Hall at 741 Harris Street owned by W. P. Grogan - Caron's Paducah Directory for the Years 1914-1915, p.710
    61. Paducah, KY (McCracken County) - Hughes & Gauses Pool Hall at 505 7th Street - Caron's Paducah Directory for the Years 1914-1915, p.710
    62. Paducah, KY (McCracken County) - Lowe Brothers at 827 Washington Street - Caron's Paducah Directory for the Years 1914-1915, p.710
    63. Paducah, KY (McCracken County) - Pool Hall at 124 Kentucky Avenue owned by John Armstrong - Caron's Directory of the City of Paducah, Ky. for 1918-1919, p.576
    64. Paducah, KY (McCracken County) - Pool Hall at 116-118 Kentucky Avenue owned by A. G. Strauss - Caron's Directory of the City of Paducah, Ky. for 1918-1919, p.576
    65. Paducah, KY (McCracken County) - Pool Hall at 900 Washington Street owned by Arthur Blakley - Caron's Directory of the City of Paducah, Ky. for 1920-1921, p.643
    66. Paducah, KY (McCracken County) - Pool Hall at 1006 South 9th Street owned by William Hall - Caron's Directory of the City of Paducah, Ky. for 1920-1921, p.643
    67. Paducah, KY (McCracken County) - Pool Hall at 705 Jackson Street owned by Frank Minor - Caron's Directory of the City of Paducah, Ky. for 1920-1921, p.643
    68. Paducah, KY (McCracken County) - Pool Hall at 621 Adams Street owned by Henry Minor - Caron's Directory of the City of Paducah, Ky. for 1920-1921, p.643
    69. Paducah, KY (McCracken County) - Billiard Hall porter Jodie Torian - 1930 U.S. Census
    70. Paris, KY (Bourbon County) - Pool Hall at 727 Main Street owned by Albert Bacon - W. H. Hoffman's City Directory of Paris, Kentucky, 1917, p.209
    71. Paris, KY (Bourbon County) - Pool Hall at 102 Turner Street owned by Thomas B. Kelly - W. H. Hoffman's City Directory of Paris, Kentucky, 1917, p.209
    72. Paris, KY (Bourbon County) - Billiard Hall proprietor James F. Mason - 1930 U.S. Census
    73. Russellville, KY (Logan County) - Billiard Hall manager Ben Allison - 1910 U.S. Census
    74. Shelbyville, KY (Shelby County) - Billiard Hall porter Scott Shields - 1910 U.S. Census
    75. Shelbyville, KY (Shelby County) - Billiard Hall janitor Richard Womack - 1910 U.S. Census
    76. Wheelwright, KY (Floyd County) - Pool Hall operator Thomas Falkner - 1940 U.S. Census
    77. Winchester, KY (Clark County) - Pool Hall at 117 W. Washington Street owned by Theodore Brent - Caron's Directory of the City of Winchester, KY. for 1911-12-13, p.241
    78. Winchester, KY (Clark County) - Pool Hall at 35 W. Washington Street owned by I. B. Drummer - Winchester, Kentucky City Directory, 1924-1925, p.232
    79. Winchester, KY (Clark County) - Pool Hall at 119 W. Washington Street owned by James Skinner - Winchester, Kentucky City Directory, 1924-1925, p.232 
    80. Winchester, KY (Clark County) - Billiard Room proprietor Walter Bell - 1930 U.S. Census

 

Outside Kentucky

 

    1. Ann Arbor, MI - Billiard Hall porter John Carr (b.1887 Kentucky) - 1910 U.S. Census
    2. Bannock, ID - Pool Hall porter Samuel Grundy (b.1881 Kentucky) - 1920 U.S. Census
    3. Buffalo, NY - Billiard Parlor porter James Watts (b.1905 Kentucky) - 1930 U.S. Census
    4. Champaign, IL - Billiard Hall porter James Robinson (b.1884 Kentucky) - 1910 U.S. Census
    5. Chicago, IL - Pool Hall porter Brownlo Chenault (1885-1921) from Kentucky - Cook County, Illinois, Deaths Index
    6. Chicago, IL - Billiard Hall laborer Eddie Scott (b.1892 Kentucky) - 1910 U.S. Census
    7. Chicago, IL - Billiard Hall porter Lewis Owens (b.1872 Kentucky) - 1910 U.S. Census
    8. Chicago, IL - Billiard Hall porter William L. Smith (b.1885 Kentucky) - 1910 U.S. Census
    9. Chicago, IL - Billiard Hall porter William H. Johnson (b.1877 Kentucky) - 1910 U.S. Census
    10. Chicago, IL - Billiard Hall porter Charles Wagner (b.1878 Kentucky) - 1910 U.S. Census
    11. Chicago, IL - Billiard Hall porter Harry Freeman (b.1871 Kentucky) - 1920 U.S. Census
    12. Chicago, IL - Billiard Hall porter Jack Johnson (b.1893 Kentucky) - 1920 U.S. Census
    13. Chicago, IL - Billiard Hall proprietor John P. Mulvin (b.1880 Kentucky) - 1920 U.S. Census
    14. Chicago, IL - Billiard Hall porter James Merriweather (b.1884 Kentucky) - 1920 U.S. Census
    15. Chicago, IL - Billiard Hall porter Allen Owens (b.1886 Kentucky) - 1920 U.S. Census
    16. Chicago, IL - Billiard Hall porter Carl L. Bradshaw (b.1886 Kentucky) - 1920 U.S. Census
    17. Chicago, IL - Billiard Hall porter Joseph Rhome  (b.1894 Kentucky) - 1920 U.S. Census
    18. Chicago, IL - Billiard Parlor proprietor William J. Taylor (b.1863 Kentucky) - 1920 U.S. Census
    19. Chicago, IL - Billiard Hall porter Abraham Jones (b.1899 Kentucky) - 1920 U.S. Census
    20. Chicago, IL - Billiard Hall repairman George Hugh (b.1893 Kentucky) - 1920 U.S. Census
    21. Chicago, IL - Billiard Hall porter Oliver Jackson (b.1900 Kentucky) - 1930 U.S. Census
    22. Chicago, IL - Billiard and Lunch Room proprietor William Walker (b.1890 Kentucky) - 1930 U.S. Census
    23. Chicago, IL - Billiard Parlor porter Monroe Stigger (b.1885 Kentucky) - 1930 U.S. Census
    24. Cincinnati, OH - Billiard Hall rack boy James Cunningham (b.1911 Kentucky) - 1930 U.S. Census
    25. Cincinnati, OH - Billiard Hall porter Herbert McAlister (b.1893 Kentucky) - 1930 U.S. Census
    26. Cleveland, OH - Billiard Place owner Arthur P. Maddox (b.1884 Kentucky) - 1930 U.S. Census
    27. Columbus, OH - Billiard Room manager John Carr (b.1867 Kentucky) - 1930 U.S. Census
    28. Denver, CO - Pool Hall owned by Edward R. Page (b.1869 Kentucky) - 1920 U.S. Census
    29. Des Moines, IA - Pool Hall porter Robert Jackson (b.1899 Kentucky) - 1920 U.S. Census
    30. Detroit, MI - Billiard Hall proprietor Thomas Jefferson(?) (b.1869 Kentucky) - 1900 U.S. Census
    31. Detroit, MI - Billiard Hall manager Perry Bell (b.1885 Kentucky) - 1920 U.S. Census
    32. Detroit, MI - Billiard Hall manager Tyree T. Flournoy (b.1899 Kentucky) - 1930 U.S. Census
    33. Dyersburg, TN - Billiard Room operator Henry Curd (1870-1920, born in Kentucky) - Tennessee Death and Burial Index
    34. East St. Louis, IL - Pool Hall owned by William Dobson (1886-1923) from Kentucky - Illinois, Deaths and Still Births Index
    35. El Paso, TX - Pool Hall operator Henry Carter (b.1876 Kentucky) - 1940 U.S. Census
    36. French Lick, IN - Billiard Hall manager James H. Dorsey (b.1873 Kentucky) - 1930 U.S. Census
    37. Indianapolis, IN - Pool Room manager Telmond Hinton (b.1904 Kentucky) - 1930 U.S. Census
    38. Indianapolis, IN - Billiard Hall operator Raymond Horn (b.1902 Kentucky) - 1930 U.S. Census
    39. Indianapolis, IN - Billiard Hall porter Frank Mathews (b.1879 Kentucky) - 1930 U.S. Census
    40. Kansas City, MO - Pool Hall porter Ben Ingram (b.1875 Kentucky) - 1920 U.S. Census
    41. La Junta, CO - Pool Hall janitor Rufus R. Moore (b.1875 Kentucky) - 1920 U.S Census
    42. Lamar, CO - Pool Hall worker Thornton Green (b.1877 Kentucky) - 1920 U.S. Census
    43. Lockland, OH - Billiard Room proprietor William Cogar (b.1895 Kentucky) - 1930 U.S. Census
    44. Mason, IA - Pool Hall helper Edward Calhoun (b.1886 Kentucky) - 1920 U.S. Census
    45. Mt. Vernon, IL - Pool Room operator Daniel Yaeger (b.1878 Kentucky) - 1940 U.S. Census
    46. Niagara Falls, NY - Billiard Parlor manager Samuel Griffin (b.1881 Kentucky) - 1930 U.S. Census
    47. Oakland, CA - Dealer Billiards C. H. Smith (b.1860 Kentucky) - 1900 U.S. Census
    48. Oklahoma City, OK - Pool Hall porter Abraham H. Baker (b.1873 Kentucky) - 1920 U.S. Census
    49. Omaha, NE - Billiard Hall owner Thomas Hutchinson (b.1878 Kentucky) - 1920 U.S. Census
    50. Pittsburg, PA - Billiard Parlor clerk George Carter (b.1905 Kentucky) - 1930 U.S. Census
    51. San Francisco, CA - Billiard Hall janitor Daltimm Nelson (b.1892 Kentucky) - 1930 U.S. Census
    52. Seattle, WA - Billiard Parlor proprietor Everett Daniel (b.1881 Kentucky) - 1920 U.S. Census
    53. South Fulton, TN - Billiard Parlor janitor Raymond Stilley (b.1912 Kentuck) - 1930 U.S. Census
    54. Springfield, OH - Billiard Room proprietor James Spillman (b.1870 Kentucky) - 1920 U.S. Census
    55. Springfield, OH - Pool Room operator John Johnson (b.1866 Kentucky) - 1920 U.S. Census
    56. Springfield, OH - Billiard Hall proprietor Henry Young (b.1875 Kentucky) - 1920 U.S. Census
    57. St. Louis, MO - Billiard Hall porter Ralph Newman (b.1894 Kentucky) - 1930 U.S. Census
    58. St. Louis, MO - Billard Hall maid Catherine Kemmer (b.1901 Kentucky) - 1930 U.S. Census
    59. Texarkana, AR - Billiard Saloon keeper George Carter (b.1822 Kentucky) - 1880 U.S. Census
    60. Urbana, OH - Pool Room owner William Sublet (b.1891 Kentucky) - 1940 U.S. Census
    61. Washington, D.C - Billiard Room keeper Joshua Barclay (b.1860 Kentucky) - 1900 U.S. Census
    62. Washington Court House, OH - Billiard Hall partner Lee Taylor (b.1863 Kentucky) - 1920 U.S. Census
    63. West Baden, IN - Billiard Room manager Stephen G. Washington (b.1870 Kentucky) - 1930 U.S. Census


For more information see Pool: history strategies, and legends by M. I Shamos; and see "Rack 'em up" in Black Enterprise, December 1989, pp.115-118.

Kentucky County & Region

Read about Boyd County, Kentucky in Wikipedia.
Read about Warren County, Kentucky in Wikipedia.
Read about Boyle County, Kentucky in Wikipedia.
Read about Hopkins County, Kentucky in Wikipedia.
Read about Franklin County, Kentucky in Wikipedia.
Read about Harlan County, Kentucky in Wikipedia.
Read about Christian County, Kentucky in Wikipedia.
Read about Fayette County, Kentucky in Wikipedia.
Read about Jefferson County, Kentucky in Wikipedia.
Read about Bell County, Kentucky in Wikipedia.
Read about Daviess County, Kentucky in Wikipedia.
Read about McCracken County, Kentucky in Wikipedia.
Read about Bourbon County, Kentucky in Wikipedia.
Read about Floyd County, Kentucky in Wikipedia.
Read about Clark County, Kentucky in Wikipedia.
Read about Harrison County, Kentucky in Wikipedia.
Read about Montgomery County, Kentucky in Wikipedia.
Read about Campbell County, Kentucky in Wikipedia.
Read about Logan County, Kentucky in Wikipedia.
Read about Shelby County, Kentucky in Wikipedia.

Kentucky Place (Town or City)

Read about Ashland, Kentucky in Wikipedia.
Read about Bowling Green, Kentucky in Wikipedia.
Read about Danville, Kentucky in Wikipedia.
Read about Earlington, Kentucky in Wikipedia.
Read about Frankfort, Kentucky in Wikipedia.
Read about Harlan, Kentucky in Wikipedia.
Read about Hopkinsville, Kentucky in Wikipedia.
Read about Lexington, Kentucky in Wikipedia.
Read about Louisville, Kentucky in Wikipedia.
Read about Madisonville, Kentucky in Wikipedia.
Read about Middlesboro, Kentucky in Wikipedia.
Read about Owensboro, Kentucky in Wikipedia.
Read about Paducah, Kentucky in Wikipedia.
Read about Paris, Kentucky in Wikipedia.
Read about Wheelwright, Kentucky in Wikipedia.
Read about Winchester, Kentucky in Wikipedia.
Read about Cynthiana, Kentucky in Wikipedia.
Read about Mt. Sterling, Kentucky in Wikipedia.
Read about Newport, Kentucky in Wikipedia.
Read about Russellville, Kentucky in Wikipedia.
Read about Shelbyville, Kentucky in Wikipedia.

References

Cited in this Entry

NKAA Entry: Castleman, William Saffell Jr. "Will"
NKAA Entry: African American Shoe Makers, Repairers, Shiners - Ashland, KY [Nettie May Higgins Franklin]
NKAA Entry: Postell, Peter, Sr. [Peter Glass]
NKAA Source: The Marion Directory Company's directory of Ashland and Boyd County gazetteer for the year 1908-1909
NKAA Source: Bowling Green, Kentucky city directory, 1922
NKAA Source: Polk's Danville (Boyle County, Kentucky) city directory (serial)
NKAA Source: Caron's Frankfort, KY. city directory for 1932-1933
NKAA Source: Caron's directory of the city of Frankfort, Ky. for ...
NKAA Source: Caron's directory of the city of Hopkinsville, Ky. for ...
NKAA Source: Caron's Hopkinsville directory for the years 1912-13-14
NKAA Source: R. L. Polk & Co.'s Lexington (Kentucky) directory, 1925
NKAA Source: Polk's Lexington (Kentucky) city directory
NKAA Source: Lexington city directory...(serial)
NKAA Source: Caron's directory of the city of Louisville (annual)
NKAA Source: Waltrip's city directory of Madisonville, Kentucky, 1932-1933
NKAA Source: The Middlesboro, Kentucky city directory, 1912-13
NKAA Source: Baldwin Brothers' Middlesboro Kentucky city directory, 1926
NKAA Source: Owensboro, Kentucky city directory, 1922-1923
NKAA Source: Caron's Paducah directory for the years _____
NKAA Source: W. H. Hoffman's city directory of Paris, Kentucky
NKAA Source: Caron's directory of the city of Winchester, Ky. and county residents of Clark County for the year _____ (serial)
NKAA Source: Winchester, Kentucky city directory, 1924-1925 : containing a general alphabetical list of names, a classified business directory, a street directory, a R.F.D. directory and much useful miscellaneous information
NKAA Source: Pool: history, strategies, and legends
NKAA Source: Black enterprise (periodical)
NKAA Source: Ancestry (online)

Cite This NKAA Entry:

“Pool Halls and Employees, Kentucky,” Notable Kentucky African Americans Database, accessed June 5, 2020, https://ukscrc001.net/nkaa/items/show/3109.

Last modified: 2020-02-05 21:25:30